Careers in Psychology

Careers in Psychology

Not sure what a career in Psychology is all about but intrigued by the idea?

There are lots of fields of Psychology worth exploring, we’ve researched some of them.


What is a Psychologist?

Let’s start with the basics.

Psychology is the study of the human mind and behaviour, it’s classed as an applied science.

Professionals who work in this field are called Psychologists, they try to understand biological, physiological, and environmental processes that can affect or determine our behaviour.  Their goal is to help people who are struggling with mental health or behavioural problems.


What fields do Psychologists work in?

Psychology covers many different areas, so it’s easier to understand if you break it down into four major areas:

  1. Clinical psychology is the assessment and treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders
  2. Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of how we think. It’s about understanding mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and reasoning
  3. Behavioural psychology is the study of how the environment and external influences can affect behaviour and the use of conditioning to help people to learn new skills and coping techniques.
  4. Biopsychology is a field that focuses on our brains and biology work and how they can influence our behaviours, thoughts, and feelings.


Examples of jobs that Psychologists do

If you’re interested in human behaviour and helping people, you won’t just be limited to working in the healthcare industry. You could work in business, education, health, sport, community, and more.

  • Psychiatrists are specialist medical doctors, they assess patients with mental health problems and then treat them.
  • Industrial / Organisational Psychiatrists work in organisations including the Government. They might be needed to develop and implement recruitment tools, training programs, leadership development, overhaul HR policies, and more.
  • Engineering Psychologists ­apply principles of psychology to the design process. Generally with the aim of making products safer and easier to use, or sometime to make them more desirable.
  • Psychology teachers educate students in the basic concepts psychology and explain why people can behave the way they do
  • Clinical Psychologists are trained in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of a range of mental illnesses and psychological problems. They often work with other healthcare professionals as part of a team.
  • Counselling Psychologists work with individuals, families, or children to help them come to terms with grief and loss, trauma, genetic issues, or other personal problems.
  • School / Educational Psychologists work in education environments with young children, teens, families, and teachers. Their goal is to support students and help them to get the most out of school life.
  • Sports / Performance Psychologists help athletes and sports professionals to develop mental skills and techniques to deal with anxiety, pressure, and other influences that could prevent them reaching their peak performance.
  • Forensic / Criminal Psychologists use their knowledge of human behaviour and apply it to a variety of legal situations. In this job you could be profiling criminals to help the police catch them. Or finding information that illustrates to a court an offender does (or doesn’t) suffer from psychological disorders and how that could impact their behaviour. You could be assessing the rehabilitation of offenders once they’ve been convicted and recommending treatments or programs that could help them.

Read a job spotlight

If you’re looking for more information about how to become a Psychologist in Australia, typical duties, or details about industry growth and average salary, then this Psychologist job spotlight could give you the answers.

Psychology could also come in handy in lots of other careers from sports, youth work, and social work. To nursing and other health professions, to lawyers, correctional officers and the police. It could even be handy in marketing and advertising roles too.

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